Samford University



telephone numbers
See addresses, campus.

that and which
Use that to introduce a restrictive clause, which to introduce a nonrestrictive clause. How to choose? Consider whether the meaning of the sentence would be changed if the clause were removed.
Restrictive: Steinbeck wrote the book that made us want to move out west.
Nonrestrictive:The Scarlet Letter, which I read in high school, has been made into a movie.

Use a comma or pair of commas to set off a nonrestrictive clause:
Of Mice and Men, which is banned by many school districts, is generally considered an American classic.

If that appears earlier in the sentence, it is acceptable to use which in place of that to introduce a restrictive clause, but use no comma.
            Is that the Steinbeck book which made you want to move out west?

that and who
Use that for objects, who for people.
            Avoid: He is the student that went to work in the White House.
            Better: He is the student who went to work in the White House.

Use instead of the standard American spelling theater to remain consistent with university proper names:
            Harrison Theatre
            Samford University Theatre
            Department of Theatre

Keep theater in proper names as used by non-Samford entities.

Write time of day as follows: 3 p.m., 2:15 a.m., 4:05 p.m. Don’t use the 24-hour method: 13:20, 23:01, etc. Avoid o’clock, except in quoted matter and some formal copy, such as invitations.

Give a.m. and p.m. when the surrounding copy doesn’t clarify that point, but avoid redundant constructions such as 12 noon, 1:15 a.m. in the morning, an afternoon nap at 3:15 p.m. In a construction such as from 2 to 4:30 p.m., it is not necessary to use p.m. twice.

Express duration with a from . . . to construction or an en dash: 2:30–4:15 p.m. If you use from, you must use to—don't combine the two forms.
            Wrong: from 2–4 p.m.
            Right: from 2 to 4 p.m.

If desired in lists and schedules, give the minutes for all times: 1:15 p.m., 2:00 p.m., 3:20 p.m., not 1:15 p.m., 2 p.m., 3:20 p.m.

When writing a statement such as he earned 5 hours’ credit, always include the ’s or s’ with hour or hours, or use of:
            You need 36 hours’ credit to graduate.
            For my senior thesis, I earned 6 hours’ credit.
            For the independent study, he earned 1 hour’s credit.
            She earned 15 hours of credit for her work at RISE.

 titles of works
Capitalize and set in italics the titles of the following:
            collections of poetry
            long poems
            magazines and other periodicals
            motion pictures
            operas, oratorios, motets, tone poems and other long musical compositions
            paintings, drawings, statues and other works of art
            plays, regardless of length
            television and radio series, including miniseries

Capitalize (but don’t italicize) the titles of the following:
            book series
untitled musical compositions (e.g., Symphony in B Major); sharp, flat and natural are lowercased (e.g., Symphony in E-flat)
            computer software, languages and hardware

Capitalize and enclose in quotation marks the titles of the following:
            articles and parts of books
            short poems
            short stories
television and radio programs that are not continuing series and individual episodes within a series
            theses and dissertations

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